A young reindeer in Finland. Photo copyright: Malcolm Pemberton

Most animals in English have special names for their young. Many will already be familiar to you, like kitten and puppy, but many are unknown even to most native speakers. Here is a list of better known animals, with plurals in brackets. Also included are the names given to males and females. I have tried to include the kinds of animals that you are likely to come across, and therefore want to talk about.

bear (bears) – cub (cubs) –

cat (cats) – kitten (kittens) – m. tom, f. molly (?)
chicken (chickens) – chick (chicks) – m. cock, f. hen
cow (cows) – calf (calves) – m. bull, f. cow

deer (deer) – fawn (fawns) – m. buck, f. doe
dog (dogs) – puppy (puppies) – m. dog, f. bitch
duck (ducks) – duckling (ducklings) – m. drake, f. duck

elephant (elephants) – calf (calves) – m. bull, f. cow

fish (fish*) – fry (fry) (*except when talking about different species of fish, then fishes
fox (foxes)   – cub (cubs) – m. dog fox, f. vixen
frog (frogs) – tadpole (tadpoles)

goat (goats) – kid (kids) – m. billy, f. nanny
goose (geese) – gosling (goslings)

horse (horses) – foal (foals) – m.stallion, f. mare

kangaroo – joey (joeys)

pig (pigs) – piglet (piglets) m. boar, f. sow

rabbit (rabbits) – kit (kits) or kitten (kittens) – m. buck, f. doe
reindeer (reindeer) – calf (calves) – m. buck, f. doe

sheep (sheep) – lamb (lambs) – m. ram, f. ewe

whale (whales) – calf (calves) – m. bull, f. cow
wolf (wolves) – cub (cubs)

Is your favourite animal missing? Leave a comment and I’ll find out for you.